CentOS 7.2.1511 編譯安裝Nginx1.10.1 MySQL5.6.33 PHP5.6.26執行環境

CentOS 7.2.1511 編譯安裝Nginx1.10.1 MySQL5.6.33 PHP5.6.26執行環境

準備篇

一、防火牆配置

CentOS 7.x預設使用的是firewall作為防火牆,這裡改為iptables防火牆。

1、關閉firewall:

systemctl stop firewalld.service #停止firewall
systemctl disable firewalld.service #禁止firewall開機啟動

2、安裝iptables防火牆

yum install iptables-services #安裝
vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables #編輯防火牆配置檔案


# sample configuration for iptables service
# you can edit this manually or use system-config-firewall
# please do not ask us to add additional ports/services to this default configuration
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
-A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
COMMIT

:wq! #儲存退出
systemctl restart iptables.service #最後重啟防火牆使配置生效
systemctl enable iptables.service #設定防火牆開機啟動
/usr/libexec/iptables/iptables.init restart #重啟防火牆

二、關閉SELINUX


vi /etc/selinux/config
#SELINUX=enforcing #註釋掉
#SELINUXTYPE=targeted #註釋掉
SELINUX=disabled #增加

:wq! #儲存退出
setenforce 0 #使配置立即生效

三 、系統約定

軟體原始碼包存放位置:/usr/local/src
原始碼包編譯安裝位置:/usr/local/軟體名字

四、下載軟體包

1、下載nginx
http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz
2、下載MySQL
http://cdn.mysql.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.33.tar.gz
3、下載php
http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-5.6.26.tar.gz
4、下載cmake(MySQL編譯工具)
https://cmake.org/files/v3.6/cmake-3.6.2.tar.gz
5、下載pcre (支援nginx偽靜態)
ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.39.tar.gz
6、下載openssl(nginx擴充套件)
https://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.2j.tar.gz
7、下載zlib(nginx擴充套件)
http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
8、下載libmcrypt(php擴充套件)
http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
9、下載yasm(php擴充套件)
http://www.tortall.net/projects/yasm/releases/yasm-1.3.0.tar.gz
10、t1lib(php擴充套件)
ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/libs/graphics/t1lib-5.1.2.tar.gz
11、下載gd庫安裝包
https://bitbucket.org/libgd/gd-libgd/downloads/libgd-2.1.1.tar.gz
12、libvpx(gd庫需要)
http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/blfs/conglomeration/libvpx/libvpx-1.6.0.tar.bz2
13、tiff(gd庫需要)
http://download.osgeo.org/libtiff/tiff-4.0.6.tar.gz
14、libpng(gd庫需要)
ftp://ftp.simplesystems.org/pub/libpng/png/src/libpng16/libpng-1.6.25.tar.gz
15、freetype(gd庫需要)
http://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/freetype/freetype-2.7.tar.gz
16、jpegsrc(gd庫需要)
http://www.ijg.org/files/jpegsrc.v9b.tar.gz
以上軟體包上傳到/usr/local/src目錄

五、安裝編譯工具及庫檔案(使用yum命令安裝)

複製程式碼 程式碼如下:
yum install -y apr* autoconf automake bison bzip2 bzip2* cloog-ppl compat* cpp curl curl-devel fontconfig fontconfig-devel freetype freetype* freetype-devel gcc gcc-c gtk -devel gd gettext gettext-devel glibc kernel kernel-headers keyutils keyutils-libs-devel krb5-devel libcom_err-devel libpng libpng-devel libjpeg* libsepol-devel libselinux-devel libstdc -devel libtool* libgomp libxml2 libxml2-devel libXpm* libxml* libtiff libtiff* make mpfr ncurses* ntp openssl openssl-devel patch pcre-devel perl php-common php-gd policycoreutils telnet t1lib t1lib* nasm nasm* wget zlib-devel

安裝篇

以下是用putty工具遠端登入到伺服器,在命令列下面操作的
一、安裝MySQL
1、安裝cmake
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf cmake-3.6.2.tar.gz
cd cmake-3.6.2
./configure
make
make install
2、安裝MySQL
groupadd mysql #新增mysql組
useradd -g mysql mysql -s /bin/false #建立使用者mysql並加入到mysql組,不允許mysql使用者直接登入系統
mkdir -p /data/mysql #建立MySQL資料庫存放目錄
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql #設定MySQL資料庫存放目錄許可權
mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql #建立MySQL安裝目錄
cd /usr/local/src #進入軟體包存放目錄
tar zxvf mysql-5.6.33.tar.gz #解壓
cd mysql-5.6.33 #進入目錄
cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc #配置
make #編譯
make install #安裝
rm -rf /etc/my.cnf #刪除系統預設的配置檔案(如果預設沒有就不用刪除)
cd /usr/local/mysql #進入MySQL安裝目錄
./scripts/mysql_install_db –user=mysql –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –datadir=/data/mysql #生成mysql系統資料庫
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf #新增到/etc目錄的軟連線
cp ./support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #把Mysql加入系統啟動
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld #增加執行許可權
chkconfig mysqld on #加入開機啟動
vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #編輯
basedir=/usr/local/mysql #MySQL程式安裝路徑
datadir=/data/mysql #MySQl資料庫存放目錄
:wq! #儲存退出
service mysqld start #啟動
vi /etc/profile #把mysql服務加入系統環境變數:在最後新增下面這一行
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin
:wq! #儲存退出
source /etc/profile #使配置立刻生效
下面這兩行把myslq的庫檔案連結到系統預設的位置,這樣你在編譯類似PHP等軟體時可以不用指定mysql的庫檔案地址。
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql /usr/lib/mysql
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include/mysql /usr/include/mysql
mkdir /var/lib/mysql #建立目錄
ln -s /tmp/mysql.sock /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock #新增軟連結
mysql_secure_installation #設定Mysql密碼,根據提示按Y 回車輸入2次密碼

二、安裝Nginx

1、安裝pcre
cd /usr/local/src
mkdir /usr/local/pcre
tar zxvf pcre-8.39.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.39
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/pcre
make
make install
2、安裝openssl
cd /usr/local/src
mkdir /usr/local/openssl
tar zxvf openssl-1.0.2j.tar.gz
cd openssl-1.0.2j
./config –prefix=/usr/local/openssl
make
make install
vi /etc/profile
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/openssl/bin
:wq!
source /etc/profile
3、安裝zlib
cd /usr/local/src
mkdir /usr/local/zlib
tar zxvf zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
cd zlib-1.2.8
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/zlib
make
make install
4、安裝Nginx
groupadd www
useradd -g www www -s /bin/false
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.10.1
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/nginx –without-http_memcached_module –user=www –group=www –with-http_stub_status_module –with-http_ssl_module –with-http_gzip_static_module –with-openssl=/usr/local/src/openssl-1.0.2j –with-zlib=/usr/local/src/zlib-1.2.8 –with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.39
注意:–with-openssl=/usr/local/src/openssl-1.0.2j –with-zlib=/usr/local/src/zlib-1.2.8 –with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.39指向的是原始碼包解壓的路徑,而不是安裝的路徑,否則會報錯
make
make install
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx #啟動Nginx
設定nginx開機啟動
vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx #編輯啟動檔案新增下面內容


############################################################
#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
# pidfile: /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network
# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)
NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx
lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
make_dirs() {
# make required directories
user=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' -`
if [ -z "`grep $user /etc/passwd`" ]; then
useradd -M -s /bin/nologin $user
fi
options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'`
for opt in $options; do
if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then
value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2`
if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then
# echo "creating" $value
mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value
fi
fi
done
}
start() {
[ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
[ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
make_dirs
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}
stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc $prog -QUIT
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}
restart() {
#configtest || return $?
stop
sleep 1
start
}
reload() {
#configtest || return $?
echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
killproc $nginx -HUP
RETVAL=$?
echo
}
force_reload() {
restart
}
configtest() {
$nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}
rh_status() {
status $prog
}
rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}
case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart|configtest)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
exit 2
esac
############################################################

:wq! #儲存退出
chmod 775 /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx #賦予檔案執行許可權
chkconfig nginx on #設定開機啟動
/etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx restart #重啟
在瀏覽器中開啟伺服器IP地址,會看到下面的介面,說明Nginx安裝成功。

三、安裝php
1、安裝yasm
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf yasm-1.3.0.tar.gz
cd yasm-1.3.0
./configure
make
make install
2、安裝libmcrypt
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8
./configure
make
make install
3、安裝libvpx
cd /usr/local/src
tar xvf libvpx-1.6.0.tar.bz2
cd libvpx-1.6.0
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libvpx –enable-shared –enable-vp9
make
make install
4、安裝tiff
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf tiff-4.0.6.tar.gz
cd tiff-4.0.6
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/tiff –enable-shared
make
make install
5、安裝libpng
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf libpng-1.6.25.tar.gz
cd libpng-1.6.25
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libpng –enable-shared
make
make install
6、安裝freetype
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf freetype-2.7.tar.gz
cd freetype-2.7
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/freetype –enable-shared
make #編譯
make install #安裝
7、安裝jpeg
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf jpegsrc.v9b.tar.gz
cd jpeg-9b
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/jpeg –enable-shared
make #編譯
make install #安裝
8、安裝libgd
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf libgd-2.1.1.tar.gz #解壓
cd libgd-2.1.1 #進入目錄
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libgd –enable-shared –with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg –with-png=/usr/local/libpng –with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype –with-fontconfig=/usr/local/freetype –with-xpm=/usr/ –with-tiff=/usr/local/tiff  –with-vpx=/usr/local/libvpx/ #配置
make #編譯
make install #安裝
說明:如果libgd編譯失敗,可以先跳過,直接使用系統預設的2.1.0版本,在編譯php的時候把引數–with-gd=/usr/local/libgd修改為–with-gd即可。
9、安裝t1lib
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf t1lib-5.1.2.tar.gz
cd t1lib-5.1.2
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/t1lib –enable-shared
make without_doc
make install
10、安裝php
注意:如果系統是64位,請執行以下兩條命令,否則安裝php會出錯(32位系統不需要執行)
\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libltdl.so* /usr/lib/
\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libXpm.so* /usr/lib/
cd /usr/local/src
tar -zvxf php-5.6.26.tar.gz
cd php-5.6.26
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/libgd/lib
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/php –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc –with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql –with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config –with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock –with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql –with-gd=/usr/local/libgd –with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng –with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg –with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype –with-xpm-dir=/usr/lib64 –with-vpx-dir=/usr/local/libvpx/ –with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib –with-t1lib=/usr/local/t1lib –with-iconv –enable-libxml –enable-xml –enable-bcmath –enable-shmop –enable-sysvsem –enable-inline-optimization –enable-opcache –enable-mbregex –enable-fpm –enable-mbstring –enable-ftp –enable-gd-native-ttf –with-openssl –enable-pcntl –enable-sockets –with-xmlrpc –enable-zip –enable-soap –without-pear –with-gettext –enable-session –with-mcrypt –with-curl –enable-ctype  #配置
make #編譯
make install #安裝
如果編譯錯誤,可以清理後在編譯一次
make clean #清理
make  #編譯
cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini #複製php配置檔案到安裝目錄
rm -rf /etc/php.ini #刪除系統自帶配置檔案
ln -s /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini #新增軟連結到 /etc目錄
cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf #拷貝模板檔案為php-fpm配置檔案
ln -s /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf /etc/php-fpm.conf #新增軟連線到 /etc目錄
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf #編輯
user = www #設定php-fpm執行賬號為www
group = www #設定php-fpm執行組為www
pid = run/php-fpm.pid #取消前面的分號
:wq! #儲存退出
設定 php-fpm開機啟動
cp /usr/local/src/php-5.6.26/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm #拷貝php-fpm到啟動目錄
chmod x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm #新增執行許可權
chkconfig php-fpm on #設定開機啟動
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini #編輯配置檔案
找到:disable_functions =
修改為:disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space,posix_ctermid,posix_get_last_error,posix_getcwd, posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid, posix_getgrgid,posix_getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid, posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam,posix_getpwuid, posix_getrlimit, posix_getsid,posix_getuid,posix_isatty, posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid,posix_seteuid,posix_setgid, posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname,posix_uname
#列出PHP可以禁用的函式,如果某些程式需要用到這個函式,可以刪除,取消禁用。
找到:;date.timezone =
修改為:date.timezone = PRC #設定時區
找到:expose_php = On
修改為:expose_php = Off #禁止顯示php版本的資訊
找到:short_open_tag = Off
修改為:short_open_tag = ON #支援php短標籤
找到opcache.enable=0
修改為opcache.enable=1 #php支援opcode快取
找到:;opcache.enable_cli=1 #php支援opcode快取
修改為:opcache.enable_cli=0
在最後一行新增:zend_extension=opcache.so #開啟opcode快取功能
:wq! #儲存退出
配置nginx支援php
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
修改/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf 配置檔案,需做如下修改
user www www; #首行user去掉註釋,修改Nginx執行組為www www;必須與/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf中的user,group配置相同,否則php執行出錯
index index.html index.htm index.php; #新增index.php
# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
location ~ \.php$ {
root html;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;
}
#取消FastCGI server部分location的註釋,注意fastcgi_param行的引數,改為$document_root$fastcgi_script_name,或者使用絕對路徑
/etc/init.d/nginx restart #重啟nginx
service php-fpm start #啟動php-fpm
測試篇
cd /usr/local/nginx/html/ #進入nginx預設網站根目錄
rm -rf /usr/local/nginx/html/* #刪除預設測試頁
vi index.php #新建index.php檔案


<?php
phpinfo();
?>

:wq! #儲存退出
chown www.www /usr/local/nginx/html/ -R #設定目錄所有者
chmod 700 /usr/local/nginx/html/ -R #設定目錄許可權
在瀏覽器中開啟伺服器IP地址,會看到下面的介面

至此,CentOS 7.2.1511編譯安裝Nginx1.10.1 MySQL5.6.33 PHP5.6.26教程完成。

您可能感興趣的文章:

CentOS 7.3.1611編譯安裝Nginx1.10.3 MySQL5.7.16 PHP7.1.2CentOS 7下編譯安裝Nginx 1.11.10教程Centos6.4 編譯安裝 nginx php的方法Centos 6.8編譯安裝LNMP環境(Nginx MySQL PHP)教程Centos7下編譯安裝配置Nginx PHP MySql環境CentOS 6.5編譯安裝Nginx 1.10.2 MySQL 5.5.52 PHP5.5.38CentOS下編譯安裝nginx及配置縮圖外掛的方法教程Centos下編譯安裝Nginx教程詳解CentOS 7.2.1511 編譯安裝Nginx1.10.1 MySQL5.7.14 PHP7.0.11CentOS 7.0編譯安裝lnmp教程(Nginx1.6.0 MySQL5.6.19 PHP5.5.14)CentOS 6.6伺服器編譯安裝lnmp(Nginx1.6.2 MySQL5.6.21 PHP5.6.3)CentOS 7.2 下編譯安裝PHP7.0.10 MySQL5.7.14 Nginx1.10.1的方法詳解(mini版本)CentOS 7.x編譯安裝Nginx1.10.3 MySQL5.7.16 PHP5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 7.0 7.1多版本全能環境