200行自定義python非同步非阻塞Web框架

NO IMAGE

Python的Web框架中Tornado以非同步非阻塞而聞名。本篇將使用200行程式碼完成一個微型非同步非阻塞Web框架:Snow。

一、原始碼

本文基於非阻塞的Socket以及IO多路複用從而實現非同步非阻塞的Web框架,其中便是眾多非同步非阻塞Web框架內部原理。


#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
import re
import socket
import select
import time
class HttpResponse(object):
"""
封裝響應資訊
"""
def __init__(self, content=''):
self.content = content
self.headers = {}
self.cookies = {}
def response(self):
return bytes(self.content, encoding='utf-8')
class HttpNotFound(HttpResponse):
"""
404時的錯誤提示
"""
def __init__(self):
super(HttpNotFound, self).__init__('404 Not Found')
class HttpRequest(object):
"""
使用者封裝使用者請求資訊
"""
def __init__(self, conn):
self.conn = conn
self.header_bytes = bytes()
self.header_dict = {}
self.body_bytes = bytes()
self.method = ""
self.url = ""
self.protocol = ""
self.initialize()
self.initialize_headers()
def initialize(self):
header_flag = False
while True:
try:
received = self.conn.recv(8096)
except Exception as e:
received = None
if not received:
break
if header_flag:
self.body_bytes  = received
continue
temp = received.split(b'\r\n\r\n', 1)
if len(temp) == 1:
self.header_bytes  = temp
else:
h, b = temp
self.header_bytes  = h
self.body_bytes  = b
header_flag = True
@property
def header_str(self):
return str(self.header_bytes, encoding='utf-8')
def initialize_headers(self):
headers = self.header_str.split('\r\n')
first_line = headers[0].split(' ')
if len(first_line) == 3:
self.method, self.url, self.protocol = headers[0].split(' ')
for line in headers:
kv = line.split(':')
if len(kv) == 2:
k, v = kv
self.header_dict[k] = v
class Future(object):
"""
非同步非阻塞模式時封裝回撥函式以及是否準備就緒
"""
def __init__(self, callback):
self.callback = callback
self._ready = False
self.value = None
def set_result(self, value=None):
self.value = value
self._ready = True
@property
def ready(self):
return self._ready
class TimeoutFuture(Future):
"""
非同步非阻塞超時
"""
def __init__(self, timeout):
super(TimeoutFuture, self).__init__(callback=None)
self.timeout = timeout
self.start_time = time.time()
@property
def ready(self):
current_time = time.time()
if current_time > self.start_time   self.timeout:
self._ready = True
return self._ready
class Snow(object):
"""
微型Web框架類
"""
def __init__(self, routes):
self.routes = routes
self.inputs = set()
self.request = None
self.async_request_handler = {}
def run(self, host='localhost', port=9999):
"""
事件迴圈
:param host:
:param port:
:return:
"""
sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
sock.bind((host, port,))
sock.setblocking(False)
sock.listen(128)
sock.setblocking(0)
self.inputs.add(sock)
try:
while True:
readable_list, writeable_list, error_list = select.select(self.inputs, [], self.inputs,0.005)
for conn in readable_list:
if sock == conn:
client, address = conn.accept()
client.setblocking(False)
self.inputs.add(client)
else:
gen = self.process(conn)
if isinstance(gen, HttpResponse):
conn.sendall(gen.response())
self.inputs.remove(conn)
conn.close()
else:
yielded = next(gen)
self.async_request_handler[conn] = yielded
self.polling_callback()
except Exception as e:
pass
finally:
sock.close()
def polling_callback(self):
"""
遍歷觸發非同步非阻塞的回撥函式
:return:
"""
for conn in list(self.async_request_handler.keys()):
yielded = self.async_request_handler[conn]
if not yielded.ready:
continue
if yielded.callback:
ret = yielded.callback(self.request, yielded)
conn.sendall(ret.response())
self.inputs.remove(conn)
del self.async_request_handler[conn]
conn.close()
def process(self, conn):
"""
處理路由系統以及執行函式
:param conn:
:return:
"""
self.request = HttpRequest(conn)
func = None
for route in self.routes:
if re.match(route[0], self.request.url):
func = route[1]
break
if not func:
return HttpNotFound()
else:
return func(self.request)
snow.py

二、使用

1. 基本使用


from snow import Snow
from snow import HttpResponse
def index(request):
return HttpResponse('OK')
routes = [
(r'/index/', index),
]
app = Snow(routes)
app.run(port=8012)

2.非同步非阻塞:超時


from snow import Snow
from snow import HttpResponse
from snow import TimeoutFuture
request_list = []
def async(request):
obj = TimeoutFuture(5)
yield obj
def home(request):
return HttpResponse('home')
routes = [
(r'/home/', home),
(r'/async/', async),
]
app = Snow(routes)
app.run(port=8012)

3.非同步非阻塞:等待

基於等待模式可以完成自定製操作


from snow import Snow
from snow import HttpResponse
from snow import Future
request_list = []
def callback(request, future):
return HttpResponse(future.value)
def req(request):
obj = Future(callback=callback)
request_list.append(obj)
yield obj
def stop(request):
obj = request_list[0]
del request_list[0]
obj.set_result('done')
return HttpResponse('stop')
routes = [
(r'/req/', req),
(r'/stop/', stop),
]
app = Snow(routes)
app.run(port=8012)