leetcode 819. Most Common Word 最常見的單詞 python 最簡程式碼(3行) Counter()、lower()、字典反轉


Given a paragraph and a list of banned words, return the most frequent word that is not in the list of banned words. It is guaranteed there is at least one word that isn’t banned, and that the answer is unique.

Words in the list of banned words are given in lowercase, and free of punctuation. Words in the paragraph are not case sensitive. The answer is in lowercase.

paragraph = "Bob hit a ball, the hit BALL flew far after it was hit."
banned = ["hit"]
Output: "ball"
"hit" occurs 3 times, but it is a banned word.
"ball" occurs twice (and no other word does), so it is the most frequent non-banned word in the paragraph. 
Note that words in the paragraph are not case sensitive,
that punctuation is ignored (even if adjacent to words, such as "ball,"), 
and that "hit" isn't the answer even though it occurs more because it is banned.


  • 1 <= paragraph.length <= 1000.
  • 1 <= banned.length <= 100.
  • 1 <= banned[i].length <= 10.
  • The answer is unique, and written in lowercase (even if its occurrences in paragraph may have uppercase symbols, and even if it is a proper noun.)
  • paragraph only consists of letters, spaces, or the punctuation symbols !?’,;.
  • Different words in paragraph are always separated by a space.
  • There are no hyphens or hyphenated words.
  • Words only consist of letters, never apostrophes or other punctuation symbols.
class Solution:
def mostCommonWord(self, paragraph, banned):
:type paragraph: str
:type banned: List[str]
:rtype: str
# Approach #1
# 1、轉換大寫字母為小寫。
# 2、按照空格切分單詞。
# 3、去除標點以及在banned中的詞,構造新的列表。
# 4、用Counter()函式構造字典。
# 5、字典反轉。
# 6、選取key最大的value。
from collections import Counter  
Adic = {v:k for k,v in Counter([i.strip('!?\',;.') for i in paragraph.lower().split(' ') if i.strip('!?\',;.') not in banned] ).items()}
return Adic[max(Adic.keys())]