【Maven】使用Maven構建多模組專案

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原文地址為:【Maven】使用Maven構建多模組專案

Maven模組專案

  Maven多模組專案,適用於一些比較大的專案,通過合理的模組拆分,實現程式碼的複用,便於維護和管理。尤其是一些開源框架,也是採用多模組的方式,提供外掛整合,使用者可以根據需要配置指定的模組。

  專案結構如下:

      test-hd-parent   (父級)
             —pom.xml
             —test-hd-api          (第三方介面層)
                    —-pom.xml    
           —test-hd-foundation     (基礎工具層)
                    —-pom.xml
             —test-hd-resource     (資源層) 
                    —-pom.xml
             —test-hd-service       (邏輯業務層)
                    —-pom.xml
           —test-hd-modules     (web層)
                    —-pom.xml
                —test-hd-www         (web模組1)
                            —-pom.xml
                —test-hd-admin        (web模組2)
                            —-pom.xml     

建立一個父maven工程

  •   新建一個maven專案,選擇儲存位置,並選擇建立一個簡單的maven工程

    

  •   輸入Group Id、Artifact Id、Packaging,packaging選擇pom包

    

  •   生成父工程,pom.xml如下

    

  •   刪除工程中的src 目錄

    

建立子模組

  •   右擊父工程名—》New—》Project,然後選擇新建一個maven module工程

    

  •   設定子工程名以及父工程,再設定快速建立模式

    

  •   得到子工程(test-hd-api,第三方介面層),設定編譯的jdk

    

  •   同理設定,子模組:test-hd-foundation(基礎工具層)、test-hd-resource(資源層) 、test-hd-service(邏輯業務層)
  •   新建test-hd-modules (web層),選擇建立一個a simple project,輸入Group Id、Artifact Id、Packaging,packaging選擇pom包

        

建立web子模組

  •   web子模組在建在test-hd-modules (web層)裡面,右擊test-hd-modules 工程名—》New—》Project,然後選擇新建一個maven module工程,設定子工程名以及父工程,選擇新建web專案

    

  •   配置maven web專案,參照:【Maven】Eclipse 使用Maven建立Java Web專案
  •   同理可以配置其他的web子模組   test-hd-admin(web模組2)

    

 

配置個模組的依賴

  •   在parent專案pom.xml中建立依賴管理(dependencyManagement)
     1 <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    2 xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    3 <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    4 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    5 <artifactId>test-hd-parent</artifactId>
    6 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    7 <packaging>pom</packaging>
    8 <modules>
    9 <module>test-hd-api</module>
    10 <module>test-hd-service</module>
    11 <module>test-hd-resource</module>
    12 <module>test-hd-foundation</module>
    13 <module>test-hd-modules</module>
    14 </modules>
    15
    16
    17 <!-- maven依賴 -->
    18 <dependencyManagement>
    19
    20 <dependencies>
    21 <!-- hd -->
    22 <dependency>
    23 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    24 <artifactId>test-hd-api</artifactId>
    25 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    26 </dependency>
    27
    28 <dependency>
    29 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    30 <artifactId>test-hd-service</artifactId>
    31 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    32 </dependency>
    33
    34 <dependency>
    35 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    36 <artifactId>test-hd-resource</artifactId>
    37 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    38 </dependency>
    39
    40 <dependency>
    41 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    42 <artifactId>test-hd-foundation</artifactId>
    43 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    44 </dependency>
    45
    46 <!-- Servlet -->
    47 <dependency>
    48 <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
    49 <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
    50 <version>3.0.1</version>
    51 <scope>provided</scope>
    52 </dependency>
    53 <dependency>
    54 <groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId>
    55 <artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId>
    56 <version>2.2</version>
    57 <scope>provided</scope>
    58 </dependency>
    59
    60 <!-- jstl -->
    61 <dependency>
    62 <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
    63 <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
    64 <version>1.2</version>
    65 </dependency>
    66
    67 <dependency>
    68 <groupId>taglibs</groupId>
    69 <artifactId>standard</artifactId>
    70 <version>1.1.2</version>
    71 </dependency>
    72
    73 <dependency>
    74 <groupId>junit</groupId>
    75 <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
    76 <version>3.8.1</version>
    77 <scope>test</scope>
    78 </dependency>
    79
    80 </dependencies>
    81 </dependencyManagement>
    82
    83 </project>

     

  •     test-hd-foundation中的依賴
     1 <?xml version="1.0"?>
    2 <project
    3 xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"
    4 xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
    5 <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    6 <parent>
    7 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    8 <artifactId>test-hd-parent</artifactId>
    9 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    10 </parent>
    11 <artifactId>test-hd-foundation</artifactId>
    12
    13 <dependencies>
    14
    15 <!-- servlet -->
    16 <dependency>
    17 <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
    18 <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
    19 </dependency>
    20
    21 <dependency>
    22 <groupId>taglibs</groupId>
    23 <artifactId>standard</artifactId>
    24 </dependency>
    25
    26 <dependency>
    27 <groupId>junit</groupId>
    28 <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
    29 </dependency>
    30 </dependencies>
    31
    32 <build>
    33 <plugins>
    34 <!-- define the project compile level -->
    35 <plugin>
    36 <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    37 <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
    38 <version>2.3.2</version>
    39 <configuration>
    40 <source>1.7</source>
    41 <target>1.7</target>
    42 </configuration>
    43 </plugin>
    44 </plugins>
    45 </build>
    46 </project>

     

  •     test-hd-api中的依賴關係

     1 <?xml version="1.0"?>
    2 <project
    3 xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"
    4 xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
    5 <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    6 <parent>
    7 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    8 <artifactId>test-hd-parent</artifactId>
    9 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    10 </parent>
    11 <artifactId>test-hd-api</artifactId>
    12 <dependencies>
    13
    14 <dependency>
    15 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    16 <artifactId>test-hd-foundation</artifactId>
    17 </dependency>
    18
    19 <!-- servlet -->
    20 <dependency>
    21 <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
    22 <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
    23 </dependency>
    24
    25 <dependency>
    26 <groupId>taglibs</groupId>
    27 <artifactId>standard</artifactId>
    28 </dependency>
    29
    30 <dependency>
    31 <groupId>junit</groupId>
    32 <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
    33 </dependency>
    34 </dependencies>
    35 <build>
    36 <plugins>
    37 <!-- define the project compile level -->
    38 <plugin>
    39 <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    40 <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
    41 <version>2.3.2</version>
    42 <configuration>
    43 <source>1.7</source>
    44 <target>1.7</target>
    45 </configuration>
    46 </plugin>
    47 </plugins>
    48 <finalName>test-hd-api</finalName>
    49 </build>
    50 </project>

    View Code

     

  •     test-hd-resource中的依賴關係

     1 <?xml version="1.0"?>
    2 <project
    3 xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"
    4 xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
    5 <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    6 <parent>
    7 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    8 <artifactId>test-hd-parent</artifactId>
    9 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    10 </parent>
    11 <artifactId>test-hd-resource</artifactId>
    12 <dependencies>
    13
    14 <dependency>
    15 <groupId>junit</groupId>
    16 <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
    17 </dependency>
    18 </dependencies>
    19
    20 <build>
    21 <plugins>
    22 <!-- define the project compile level -->
    23 <plugin>
    24 <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    25 <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
    26 <version>2.3.2</version>
    27 <configuration>
    28 <source>1.7</source>
    29 <target>1.7</target>
    30 </configuration>
    31 </plugin>
    32 </plugins>
    33 </build>
    34 </project>

    View Code

     

  •     test-hd-service中的依賴關係

     1 <?xml version="1.0"?>
    2 <project
    3 xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"
    4 xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
    5 <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    6 <parent>
    7 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    8 <artifactId>test-hd-parent</artifactId>
    9 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    10 </parent>
    11 <artifactId>test-hd-service</artifactId>
    12 <dependencies>
    13
    14 <dependency>
    15 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    16 <artifactId>test-hd-foundation</artifactId>
    17 </dependency>
    18
    19 <dependency>
    20 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    21 <artifactId>test-hd-api</artifactId>
    22 </dependency>
    23
    24 <!-- servlet -->
    25 <dependency>
    26 <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
    27 <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
    28 </dependency>
    29
    30 <dependency>
    31 <groupId>taglibs</groupId>
    32 <artifactId>standard</artifactId>
    33 </dependency>
    34
    35 <dependency>
    36 <groupId>junit</groupId>
    37 <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
    38 </dependency>
    39 </dependencies>
    40
    41
    42 <build>
    43 <plugins>
    44 <!-- define the project compile level -->
    45 <plugin>
    46 <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    47 <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
    48 <version>2.3.2</version>
    49 <configuration>
    50 <source>1.7</source>
    51 <target>1.7</target>
    52 </configuration>
    53 </plugin>
    54 </plugins>
    55 <finalName>test-hd-service</finalName>
    56 </build>
    57 </project>

    View Code

     

  •   test-hd-module中的依賴關係

     1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    2 <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    3 xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    4 <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    5 <parent>
    6 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    7 <artifactId>test-hd-parent</artifactId>
    8 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    9 </parent>
    10
    11 <artifactId>test-hd-modules</artifactId>
    12 <packaging>pom</packaging>
    13
    14 <modules>
    15 <module>test-hd-www</module>
    16 <module>test-hd-admin</module>
    17 </modules>
    18
    19 <dependencies>
    20
    21 <dependency>
    22 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    23 <artifactId>test-hd-foundation</artifactId>
    24 </dependency>
    25
    26 <dependency>
    27 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    28 <artifactId>test-hd-service</artifactId>
    29 </dependency>
    30 <dependency>
    31 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    32 <artifactId>test-hd-api</artifactId>
    33 </dependency>
    34
    35 <dependency>
    36 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    37 <artifactId>test-hd-resource</artifactId>
    38 </dependency>
    39
    40 <!-- servlet -->
    41 <dependency>
    42 <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
    43 <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
    44 </dependency>
    45
    46 <dependency>
    47 <groupId>taglibs</groupId>
    48 <artifactId>standard</artifactId>
    49 </dependency>
    50
    51 <dependency>
    52 <groupId>junit</groupId>
    53 <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
    54 </dependency>
    55
    56 </dependencies>
    57 </project>

    View Code

     

  •     test-hd-www中的依賴關係

     1 <?xml version="1.0"?>
    2 <project
    3 xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"
    4 xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
    5 <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    6 <parent>
    7 <groupId>com.hd</groupId>
    8 <artifactId>test-hd-modules</artifactId>
    9 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    10 </parent>
    11 <artifactId>test-hd-www</artifactId>
    12 <packaging>war</packaging>
    13
    14 <build>
    15 <plugins>
    16 <!-- define the project compile level -->
    17 <plugin>
    18 <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    19 <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
    20 <version>2.3.2</version>
    21 <configuration>
    22 <source>1.7</source>
    23 <target>1.7</target>
    24 </configuration>
    25 </plugin>
    26 </plugins>
    27 <finalName>test-hd-www</finalName>
    28 </build>
    29
    30 </project>

    View Code

     

  •     最後使用maven-update整個工程,右擊父工程名–》Maven–》Update Project

    

打包和釋出

  •   打包,右擊父工程名 test-hd-parent—->Run As—>Maven Install

   

 

  •   打包web子工程,右擊工程名test-hd-www—>Run As —> Maven Build…—> Goals: clean package—>Run

      

      

 

  •   右擊工程名test-hd-www,進行重新整理,找到war包,放到tomcat的webapps中,啟動tomcat,即可訪問工程http://localhost:8080/test-hd-www

    

  •   可以去tomcat下面webapps》test-hd-www》WEB-INF》lib中,看到引用的jar包

    

 

 

 

 

 

     

    

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

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