Android基於google Zxing實現二維碼的生成

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最近專案用到了二維碼的生成與識別,之前沒有接觸這塊,然後就上網搜了搜,發現有好多這方面的資源,特別是google Zxing對二維碼的封裝,實現的已經不錯了,可以直接拿過來引用,下載了他們的原始碼後,只做了少少的改動,就是在Demo中增加了長按識別的功能,網上雖然也有長按識別的Demo,但好多下載下來卻無法執行,然後總結了一下,加在了下面的Demo中。  
下面來介紹這個Demo的主類


public class BarCodeTestActivity extends Activity { 
private TextView resultTextView; 
private EditText qrStrEditText; 
private ImageView qrImgImageView; 
private String time; 
private File file = null; 
@Override 
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
setContentView(R.layout.main);   
resultTextView = (TextView) this.findViewById(R.id.tv_scan_result); 
qrStrEditText = (EditText) this.findViewById(R.id.et_qr_string); 
qrImgImageView = (ImageView) this.findViewById(R.id.iv_qr_image); 
Button scanBarCodeButton = (Button) this.findViewById(R.id.btn_scan_barcode); 
scanBarCodeButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() { 
@Override 
public void onClick(View v) { 
//開啟掃描介面掃描條形碼或二維碼 
Intent openCameraIntent = new Intent(BarCodeTestActivity.this,CaptureActivity.class); 
startActivityForResult(openCameraIntent, 0); 
} 
}); 
qrImgImageView.setOnLongClickListener(new OnLongClickListener() { 
@Override 
public boolean onLongClick(View v) { 
// 長按識別二維碼 
saveCurrentImage(); 
return true; 
} 
});   
Button generateQRCodeButton = (Button) this.findViewById(R.id.btn_add_qrcode); 
generateQRCodeButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() { 
@Override 
public void onClick(View v) { 
try { 
String contentString = qrStrEditText.getText().toString(); 
if (!contentString.equals("")) { 
//根據字串生成二維碼圖片並顯示在介面上,第二個引數為圖片的大小(350*350) 
Bitmap qrCodeBitmap = EncodingHandler.createQRCode(contentString, 350); 
qrImgImageView.setImageBitmap(qrCodeBitmap); 
}else { 
//提示文字不能是空的 
Toast.makeText(BarCodeTestActivity.this, "Text can not be empty", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
} 
} catch (WriterException e) { 
// TODO Auto-generated catch block 
e.printStackTrace(); 
} 
} 
}); 
} 
//這種方法狀態列是空白,顯示不了狀態列的資訊 
private void saveCurrentImage() 
{ 
//獲取當前螢幕的大小 
int width = getWindow().getDecorView().getRootView().getWidth(); 
int height = getWindow().getDecorView().getRootView().getHeight(); 
//生成相同大小的圖片 
Bitmap temBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap( width, height, Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888 ); 
//找到當前頁面的根佈局 
View view = getWindow().getDecorView().getRootView(); 
//設定快取 
view.setDrawingCacheEnabled(true); 
view.buildDrawingCache(); 
//從快取中獲取當前螢幕的圖片,建立一個DrawingCache的拷貝,因為DrawingCache得到的點陣圖在禁用後會被回收 
temBitmap = view.getDrawingCache(); 
SimpleDateFormat df = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyymmddhhmmss"); 
time = df.format(new Date()); 
if(Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED.equals(Environment.getExternalStorageState())){ 
file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()   "/screen",time   ".png"); 
if(!file.exists()){ 
file.getParentFile().mkdirs(); 
try { 
file.createNewFile(); 
} catch (IOException e) { 
// TODO Auto-generated catch block 
e.printStackTrace(); 
} 
} 
FileOutputStream fos = null; 
try { 
fos = new FileOutputStream(file); 
temBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 100, fos); 
fos.flush(); 
fos.close(); 
} catch (FileNotFoundException e) { 
e.printStackTrace(); 
} catch (IOException e) { 
// TODO Auto-generated catch block 
e.printStackTrace(); 
} 
new Thread(new Runnable() { 
@Override 
public void run() { 
String path = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()   "/screen/"   time   ".png"; 
final Result result = parseQRcodeBitmap(path); 
runOnUiThread(new Runnable() { 
public void run() { 
if(null!=result){ 
resultTextView.setText(result.toString()); 
}else{ 
Toast.makeText(BarCodeTestActivity.this, "無法識別", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); 
} 
} 
}); 
} 
}).start(); 
//禁用DrawingCahce否則會影響效能 ,而且不禁止會導致每次截圖到儲存的是快取的點陣圖 
view.setDrawingCacheEnabled(false); 
} 
} 
//解析二維碼圖片,返回結果封裝在Result物件中 
private com.google.zxing.Result parseQRcodeBitmap(String bitmapPath){ 
//解析轉換型別UTF-8 
Hashtable<DecodeHintType, String> hints = new Hashtable<DecodeHintType, String>(); 
hints.put(DecodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "utf-8"); 
//獲取到待解析的圖片 
BitmapFactory.Options options = new BitmapFactory.Options();  
//如果我們把inJustDecodeBounds設為true,那麼BitmapFactory.decodeFile(String path, Options opt) 
//並不會真的返回一個Bitmap給你,它僅僅會把它的寬,高取回來給你 
options.inJustDecodeBounds = true; 
//此時的bitmap是null,這段程式碼之後,options.outWidth 和 options.outHeight就是我們想要的寬和高了 
Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(bitmapPath,options); 
//我們現在想取出來的圖片的邊長(二維碼圖片是正方形的)設定為400畫素 
/** 
options.outHeight = 400; 
options.outWidth = 400; 
options.inJustDecodeBounds = false; 
bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(bitmapPath, options); 
*/ 
//以上這種做法,雖然把bitmap限定到了我們要的大小,但是並沒有節約記憶體,如果要節約記憶體,我們還需要使用inSimpleSize這個屬性 
options.inSampleSize = options.outHeight / 400; 
if(options.inSampleSize <= 0){ 
options.inSampleSize = 1; //防止其值小於或等於0 
} 
/** 
* 輔助節約記憶體設定 
* 
* options.inPreferredConfig = Bitmap.Config.ARGB_4444; // 預設是Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888 
* options.inPurgeable = true; 
* options.inInputShareable = true; 
*/ 
options.inJustDecodeBounds = false; 
bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(bitmapPath, options);  
//新建一個RGBLuminanceSource物件,將bitmap圖片傳給此物件 
RGBLuminanceSource rgbLuminanceSource = new RGBLuminanceSource(bitmap); 
//將圖片轉換成二進位制圖片 
BinaryBitmap binaryBitmap = new BinaryBitmap(new HybridBinarizer(rgbLuminanceSource)); 
//初始化解析物件 
QRCodeReader reader = new QRCodeReader(); 
//開始解析 
Result result = null; 
try { 
result = reader.decode(binaryBitmap, hints); 
} catch (Exception e) { 
// TODO: handle exception 
} 
return result; 
} 
@Override 
protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) { 
super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data); 
//處理掃描結果(在介面上顯示) 
if (resultCode == RESULT_OK) { 
Bundle bundle = data.getExtras(); 
String scanResult = bundle.getString("result"); 
resultTextView.setText(scanResult); 
} 
} 
} 

然後長按識別二維碼呼叫了RGBLuminanceSource這個類


public class RGBLuminanceSource extends LuminanceSource { 
private byte bitmapPixels[]; 
protected RGBLuminanceSource(Bitmap bitmap) { 
super(bitmap.getWidth(), bitmap.getHeight()); 
// 首先,要取得該圖片的畫素陣列內容 
int[] data = new int[bitmap.getWidth() * bitmap.getHeight()]; 
this.bitmapPixels = new byte[bitmap.getWidth() * bitmap.getHeight()]; 
bitmap.getPixels(data, 0, getWidth(), 0, 0, getWidth(), getHeight()); 
// 將int陣列轉換為byte陣列,也就是取畫素值中藍色值部分作為辨析內容 
for (int i = 0; i < data.length; i  ) { 
this.bitmapPixels[i] = (byte) data[i]; 
} 
} 
@Override 
public byte[] getMatrix() { 
// 返回我們生成好的畫素資料 
return bitmapPixels; 
} 
@Override 
public byte[] getRow(int y, byte[] row) { 
// 這裡要得到指定行的畫素資料 
System.arraycopy(bitmapPixels, y * getWidth(), row, 0, getWidth()); 
return row; 
} 
} 

相機識別二維碼呼叫了CaptureActivity這個類 


public class CaptureActivity extends Activity implements Callback { 
private CaptureActivityHandler handler; 
private ViewfinderView viewfinderView; 
private boolean hasSurface; 
private Vector<BarcodeFormat> decodeFormats; 
private String characterSet; 
private InactivityTimer inactivityTimer; 
private MediaPlayer mediaPlayer; 
private boolean playBeep; 
private static final float BEEP_VOLUME = 0.10f; 
private boolean vibrate; 
private Button cancelScanButton; 
/** Called when the activity is first created. */ 
@Override 
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
setContentView(R.layout.camera); 
CameraManager.init(getApplication()); 
viewfinderView = (ViewfinderView) findViewById(R.id.viewfinder_view); 
cancelScanButton = (Button) this.findViewById(R.id.btn_cancel_scan); 
hasSurface = false; 
inactivityTimer = new InactivityTimer(this); 
} 
@Override 
protected void onResume() { 
super.onResume(); 
SurfaceView surfaceView = (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.preview_view); 
SurfaceHolder surfaceHolder = surfaceView.getHolder(); 
if (hasSurface) { 
initCamera(surfaceHolder); 
} else { 
surfaceHolder.addCallback(this); 
surfaceHolder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS); 
} 
decodeFormats = null; 
characterSet = null; 
playBeep = true; 
AudioManager audioService = (AudioManager) getSystemService(AUDIO_SERVICE); 
if (audioService.getRingerMode() != AudioManager.RINGER_MODE_NORMAL) { 
playBeep = false; 
} 
initBeepSound(); 
vibrate = true; 
//quit the scan view 
cancelScanButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() { 
@Override 
public void onClick(View v) { 
CaptureActivity.this.finish(); 
} 
}); 
} 
@Override 
protected void onPause() { 
super.onPause(); 
if (handler != null) { 
handler.quitSynchronously(); 
handler = null; 
} 
CameraManager.get().closeDriver(); 
} 
@Override 
protected void onDestroy() { 
inactivityTimer.shutdown(); 
super.onDestroy(); 
} 
/** 
* Handler scan result 
* @param result 
* @param barcode 
*/ 
public void handleDecode(Result result, Bitmap barcode) { 
inactivityTimer.onActivity(); 
playBeepSoundAndVibrate(); 
String resultString = result.getText(); 
//FIXME 
if (resultString.equals("")) { 
//掃描失敗 
Toast.makeText(CaptureActivity.this, "Scan failed!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
}else { 
// System.out.println("Result:" resultString); 
Intent resultIntent = new Intent(); 
Bundle bundle = new Bundle(); 
bundle.putString("result", resultString); 
resultIntent.putExtras(bundle); 
this.setResult(RESULT_OK, resultIntent); 
} 
CaptureActivity.this.finish(); 
} 
private void initCamera(SurfaceHolder surfaceHolder) { 
try { 
CameraManager.get().openDriver(surfaceHolder); 
} catch (IOException ioe) { 
return; 
} catch (RuntimeException e) { 
return; 
} 
if (handler == null) { 
handler = new CaptureActivityHandler(this, decodeFormats, 
characterSet); 
} 
} 
@Override 
public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int width, 
int height) { 
} 
@Override 
public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) { 
if (!hasSurface) { 
hasSurface = true; 
initCamera(holder); 
} 
} 
@Override 
public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) { 
hasSurface = false; 
} 
public ViewfinderView getViewfinderView() { 
return viewfinderView; 
}  
public Handler getHandler() { 
return handler; 
}  
public void drawViewfinder() { 
viewfinderView.drawViewfinder(); 
} 
private void initBeepSound() { 
if (playBeep && mediaPlayer == null) { 
// The volume on STREAM_SYSTEM is not adjustable, and users found it 
// too loud, 
// so we now play on the music stream. 
setVolumeControlStream(AudioManager.STREAM_MUSIC); 
mediaPlayer = new MediaPlayer(); 
mediaPlayer.setAudioStreamType(AudioManager.STREAM_MUSIC); 
mediaPlayer.setOnCompletionListener(beepListener); 
AssetFileDescriptor file = getResources().openRawResourceFd( 
R.raw.beep); 
try { 
mediaPlayer.setDataSource(file.getFileDescriptor(), 
file.getStartOffset(), file.getLength()); 
file.close(); 
mediaPlayer.setVolume(BEEP_VOLUME, BEEP_VOLUME); 
mediaPlayer.prepare(); 
} catch (IOException e) { 
mediaPlayer = null; 
} 
} 
} 
private static final long VIBRATE_DURATION = 200L;  
private void playBeepSoundAndVibrate() { 
if (playBeep && mediaPlayer != null) { 
mediaPlayer.start(); 
} 
if (vibrate) { 
Vibrator vibrator = (Vibrator) getSystemService(VIBRATOR_SERVICE); 
vibrator.vibrate(VIBRATE_DURATION); 
} 
} 
/** 
* When the beep has finished playing, rewind to queue up another one. 
*/ 
private final OnCompletionListener beepListener = new OnCompletionListener() { 
public void onCompletion(MediaPlayer mediaPlayer) { 
mediaPlayer.seekTo(0); 
} 
}; 
} 

下面是主佈局mian檔案


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> 
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" 
android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
android:layout_height="fill_parent" 
android:background="@android:color/white" 
android:orientation="vertical" > 
<Button 
android:id="@ id/btn_scan_barcode" 
android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
android:layout_marginTop="30dp" 
android:text="Open camera" /> 
<LinearLayout 
android:orientation="horizontal" 
android:layout_marginTop="10dp" 
android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
android:layout_height="wrap_content"> 
<TextView 
android:layout_width="wrap_content" 
android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
android:textColor="@android:color/black" 
android:textSize="18sp" 
android:text="Scan result:" /> 
<TextView 
android:id="@ id/tv_scan_result" 
android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
android:textSize="18sp" 
android:textColor="@android:color/black" 
android:layout_height="wrap_content" /> 
</LinearLayout> 
<EditText 
android:id="@ id/et_qr_string" 
android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
android:layout_marginTop="30dp" 
android:hint="Input the text"/> 
<Button 
android:id="@ id/btn_add_qrcode" 
android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
android:text="Generate QRcode" /> 
<ImageView 
android:id="@ id/iv_qr_image" 
android:layout_width="250dp" 
android:layout_height="250dp" 
android:scaleType="fitXY" 
android:layout_marginTop="10dp" 
android:layout_gravity="center"/> 
</LinearLayout>

 詳細瞭解的請下載demo自己看,Demo中解決了在豎拍解碼時二維碼被拉伸的現象。
不過我遇到了一個問題是 二維碼的掃描框調大後,掃描的靈敏度降低了,希望知道的朋友給指導下
有興趣的可以下載Demo看一看:google Zxing實現二維碼的生成

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