Android程式設計實現讀取手機聯絡人、撥號、傳送簡訊及長按選單操作方法例項小結

Android程式設計實現讀取手機聯絡人、撥號、傳送簡訊及長按選單操作方法例項小結

本文例項講述了Android程式設計實現讀取手機聯絡人、撥號、傳送簡訊及長按選單操作方法。分享給大家供大家參考,具體如下:

1.Andrid專案結構圖↓主要操作圖中紅色方框內的檔案。

2.首先佈局程式碼如下

a, main.xml 程式執行的主介面,主要用ListView列表控制元件展示手機聯絡人


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:background="@drawable/bg"
android:orientation="vertical" >
<ListView
android:id="@ id/listView"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:layout_marginLeft="5dip"
android:cacheColorHint="#00000000"
android:divider="@drawable/divider_horizontal_bright"
android:paddingRight="5dip" >
</ListView>
</LinearLayout>

b.list_item.xml ListView的列表項佈局檔案,相當於展示模版


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >
<ImageView
android:id="@ id/imgView"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:contentDescription="@string/photo"
android:paddingRight="2dip" />
<TextView
android:id="@ id/name"
android:layout_width="80dip"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_marginLeft="10dip"
android:paddingTop="8dip"
android:singleLine="false"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"
android:textColor="#ffffff" />
<TextView
android:id="@ id/number"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_marginRight="6dip"
android:paddingTop="8dip"
android:singleLine="false"
android:textColor="#ffffff"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"/>
</LinearLayout>

c,phonedetails.xml 長按選單顯示聯絡人詳細布局介面,示例只做了跳轉展示


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:orientation="vertical" >
<TextView
android:id="@ id/ymw"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"/>
</LinearLayout>

2.Java實現程式碼如下

a,MainActivity.java 程式執行的入口檔案


package com.example.myandroid;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.ContentResolver;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.provider.ContactsContract;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds;
import android.view.ContextMenu;
import android.view.ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnCreateContextMenuListener;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.SimpleAdapter;
import android.widget.Toast;
import com.ymw.details.Detail;
public class MainActivity extends Activity {
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);
final ListView listView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.listView);
// 生成動態陣列,加入資料
ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> listItem = fillMaps();
SimpleAdapter listItemAdapter = new SimpleAdapter(this, listItem,
R.layout.list_item,
new String[] { "imgView", "name", "number" }, new int[] {
R.id.imgView, R.id.name, R.id.number });
listView.setAdapter(listItemAdapter);
// 新增單擊事件
listView.setOnItemClickListener(new OnItemClickListener() {
@Override
public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> arg0, View arg1, int arg2,
long arg3) {
HashMap<String, String> map = (HashMap<String, String>) listView
.getItemAtPosition(arg2);
String name = map.get("name");
Toast toast = Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "第"
arg2   "項"   name, Toast.LENGTH_LONG);
toast.show();
String phoneNum = map.get("number");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL, Uri.parse("tel:"
phoneNum));
startActivity(intent);
}
});
// 新增長按選單
listView.setOnCreateContextMenuListener(new OnCreateContextMenuListener() {
public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View v,
ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
menu.setHeaderTitle("長按選單-ContextMenu");
menu.add(0, 0, 0, "檢視詳細");
menu.add(0, 1, 0, "傳送資訊");
menu.add(0, 2, 0, "刪除聯絡人");
}
});
}
public boolean onContextItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
// setTitle("點選了長按選單裡面的第" item.getItemId() "個專案");
Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),
"選擇了"   item.getItemId()   item.getTitle()   "項",
Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
int id = item.getItemId();
// 檢視詳細
if (id == 0) {
Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.putExtra("ymw", item.getTitle());
intent.setClass(MainActivity.this, Detail.class);
startActivity(intent);
}
// 傳送簡訊
else if (id == 1) {
Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto://18664599745");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
intent.putExtra("sms_body", "ymw-LOVE-yh");
startActivity(intent);
}
// 刪除聯絡人
else if (id == 2) {
}
return super.onContextItemSelected(item);
}
// 獲取手機聯絡人列表方法一
public ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> GetContects() {
ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> list = new ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>>();
Cursor cursor = getContentResolver().query(
ContactsContract.Contacts.CONTENT_URI,
null,
null,
null,
ContactsContract.Contacts.DISPLAY_NAME
" COLLATE LOCALIZED ASC");
if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
int idColumn = cursor.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts._ID);
int nameColum = cursor
.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts.DISPLAY_NAME);
do {
String contactId = cursor.getString(idColumn);
String disPlayNameString = cursor.getString(nameColum);
// 檢視有多少電話號碼 沒有則返回為0
int phoneCount = cursor
.getInt(cursor
.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts.HAS_PHONE_NUMBER));
if (phoneCount > 0) {
// 獲得聯絡人的電話號碼
Cursor phones = getContentResolver().query(
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTENT_URI,
null,
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTACT_ID
"="   contactId, null, null);
HashMap<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
map.put("imgView", R.drawable.ic_launcher);
map.put("name", disPlayNameString);
list.add(map);
}
} while (cursor.moveToNext());
if (cursor != null)
cursor.close();
}
return list;
}
// 獲取聯絡人方法二
public ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> fillMaps() {
ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> items = new ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>>();
ContentResolver cr = getContentResolver();
HashMap<String, ArrayList<String>> hashMap = new HashMap<String, ArrayList<String>>();
Cursor phone = cr.query(CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTENT_URI,
new String[] { CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTACT_ID,
CommonDataKinds.Phone.DISPLAY_NAME,
CommonDataKinds.Phone.NUMBER,
CommonDataKinds.Phone.DATA1
// CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.DATA3,
}, null, null, null);
while (phone.moveToNext()) {
String contactId = phone.getString(phone
.getColumnIndex(CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTACT_ID));
String displayName = phone.getString(phone
.getColumnIndex(CommonDataKinds.Phone.DISPLAY_NAME));
String PhoneNumber = phone
.getString(phone
.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.NUMBER));
String address = phone.getString(phone
.getColumnIndex(CommonDataKinds.Phone.DATA1));
// 以contactId為主鍵,把同一人的所有電話都存到一起。
ArrayList<String> ad = hashMap.get(contactId);
if (ad == null) {
ad = new ArrayList<String>();
ad.add(displayName);
ad.add(PhoneNumber);
// ad.add(address);
hashMap.put(contactId, ad);
} else {
ad.add(PhoneNumber);
}
}
phone.close();
ArrayList<String> tmpList;
String tmpStr = "";
int k;
Iterator iter = hashMap.entrySet().iterator();
while (iter.hasNext()) {
HashMap.Entry entry = (HashMap.Entry) iter.next();
Object key = entry.getKey();
Object val = entry.getValue();
tmpList = (ArrayList) val;
tmpStr = "";
for (k = 1; k < tmpList.size(); k  ) {
tmpStr = tmpStr   tmpList.get(k)   ',';
}
tmpStr = GetString(tmpStr);
HashMap<String, Object> tmpMap = new HashMap<String, Object>();
tmpMap.put("name", tmpList.get(0));
tmpMap.put("number", tmpStr);
tmpMap.put("imgView", R.drawable.ic_launcher);
items.add(tmpMap);
}
return items;
}
private String GetString(String str) {
String strLast = "";
int i = str.lastIndexOf(",");
if (i > 0) {
strLast = str.substring(0, str.length() - 1);
}
return strLast.replace(" ", "").replace(",", "\n").replace(" 86", "");
}
}

b,Detail.java 主介面長按選單顯示聯絡人詳細的跳轉介面,接受主介面傳來的引數


package com.ymw.details;
import com.example.myandroid.R;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.TextView;
public class Detail extends Activity {
@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(com.example.myandroid.R.layout.phonedetails);
Intent intent = getIntent();
String strPara = intent.getStringExtra("ymw");
TextView tView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.ymw);
tView.setText(strPara);
}
}

3.獲取手機聯絡人和撥號發簡訊等需要配置許可權

在AndroidManifest.xml檔案中的application節點上加入如下程式碼


<!--新增許可權-->
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SEND_SMS"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CALL_PHONE"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CONTACTS"/>

4.使用Android模擬器或連線Android智慧手機執行本程式可以看到手機聯絡人列表,

單擊某個聯絡人會直接撥號,長按某個聯絡人會出現選單選項,可以選擇傳送簡訊。

希望本文所述對大家Android程式設計有所幫助。

您可能感興趣的文章:

淺析Android手機衛士讀取聯絡人Android手機聯絡人帶字母索引的快速查詢Android 獲取手機聯絡人例項程式碼詳解Android手機聯絡人快速索引(手機通訊錄)Android獲取手機通訊錄、sim卡聯絡人及呼叫撥號介面方法Android之聯絡人PinnedHeaderListView使用介紹android 載入本地聯絡人實現方法Android根據電話號碼獲得聯絡人頭像例項程式碼Android仿微信聯絡人按字母排序Android獲取手機聯絡人資訊